Journal of Botanical Papers <p><strong>ISSN: 2519-5271</strong></p> <p>Journal of Botanical Papers is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes all types of articles in all areas of botany.</p> <p>The journal aims to publish high quality research on Plant Science, Cell and Molecular Plant Biology, Ethnobotany and Forestry, Lichenology, Paleobotany and Palynology, Plant Anatomy, Plant Genetics and Plant Morphology, Plant Physiology, Primary and Secondary Metabolites, Plant Breeding and Cultivation, Plant Nutrition, Plant Stress and Resistance, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Floriculture, Phytochemistry, Plant Pathology, and Phytopharmacological Activities.</p> <p>The journal follows double blind peer review process. Manuscripts submitted by authors will be evaluated on Editorial Manager System by Editors &amp; reviewers of particular expertise in the same field to ensure that the published articles are of high quality with accurate and reliable information &amp; data, which reflect solid scholarship. Editors can manage the whole submission, review, revision and publishing process, however at least two independent reviewer's approval followed by the Editor is required for the acceptance of any citable manuscript.</p> <p><em><strong>Submission</strong></em></p> <p><strong>Authors can send their papers through online submissions or as an email attachment to:</strong> <a href=""></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="">Impact Factor=1.84</a>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Indexed in</strong>:</p> <p><strong>Index Copernicus,</strong></p> <p><strong>CiteFactor,</strong></p> <p><strong>Genamics JournalSeek,</strong></p> <p><strong> J-Gate, </strong></p> <p><strong>Scientific World Index,</strong></p> <p><strong> Science Library Index,</strong></p> <p><strong> JournalGuide Directory of Journals, </strong></p> <p><strong><span class="tagline">Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research,</span></strong></p> <p><strong><span class="tagline">ResearchBib, </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span class="tagline">Scientific Indexing Services (SIS database), </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span class="tagline">International Innovative Journal Impact Factor</span><span class="tagline">,</span></strong></p> <p><strong> Directory of Research Journals Indexing</strong></p> en-US Journal of Botanical Papers Effects of Growth Media on Germination and Early Seedling Development of Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii Background and Objective: Growth medium has been considered to be the most critical factor determining seedling quality in the nursery as it act as a reservoir for nutrients and moisture. The objective of this study therefore was to determine the effect of different growth media on the emergence and early growth of D. cumminsii seedlings.<br />Methods: 180 freshly collected seeds were selected and divided into six groups of 30 seeds each. They were sown in black polythene pots separately filled with six media, viz: T1= top soil and sawdust (1:1); T2= river sand and top soil (1:1); T3= river sand and sawdust (1:1); T4= sawdust only; T5= river sand only and T6= top soil only (control). Germination initiation was observed for two months after the first and total emergence were counted and recorded. Assessment of growth parameters commenced four weeks after epicotyls emerged and was done monthly for three months. The parameters assessed were seedling heights, leaf production, stem girth and leaf area.<br />Results: The results obtained revealed that T3 has the highest mean germination (60%) while T5 had the least (15%). T4 recorded the best performance with mean height growth and mean leaf production (12.23cm and 11.67) respectively, the least was recorded in T2 (9.87cm and 7.67 respectively). Also, T4 has the highest stem girth while both T3 and T5 recorded the least mean stem girth. The highest mean leaf area was recorded in T6 (25.47cm2) while T1 had the least (13.19cm2).<br />Conclusion: The study revealed that the growth of D. cumminsii seedlings depend significantly on the type of medium on which it was raised and the use of soil amendments. The species also does better when growth media are used singly than combined. Tolulope Olaseeni Bamigboye Joshua Kayode Modupe Janet Ayeni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-01-21 2017-01-21 2 1 Phytochemical, antioxidant, proximate and nutritional analyses of the leaves and the fruits of Tetrapluera tetraptera (Schumach) Taub. <p><strong>Background and Objective: </strong>Plants contain immensurable biologically bioactive ingredients that enabled them tobeuse as medicine. This study aimed to provide information on the phytochemicals and antioxidant present in <em>Tetrapluera tetraptera </em>and thus standardize and validate its use in traditional medicine in the study area.</p><p><strong>Methods: </strong>Matured pods and the leaves of <em>T. tetraptera</em> were obtained and pulverized. Phytochemical tests were then carried out on portions of the powdered samples using standard procedures to estimate the quantity of secondary metabolites in the samples. Proximate analyses were carried out to determine the moisture, ash, lipid, protein, fiber and carbohydrate contents of the pulp. Similarly, the mineral compositions of the samples were determined.</p><p><strong>Results: </strong>Phytochemical screening of the plant revealed that it contains various bioactive constituents that enabled it function as medicine. These include alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, glycosides, carotenoids, phenol and antioxidant. The fruit has higher antioxidant capacity than the leaf. Proximate analyses revealed the presence of crude fibres, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, ash and moisture contents in the plant. The determination of the mineral composition showed that the different elements present were more in the leaves than the fruits.</p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study demonstrated that the species contained varying amounts of phytochemicals and nutrients that justified its medicinal use by the aborigines of the study area. Thus the species is promising as a source of raw material for a wide range of applications in the food and drug industries.</p> Olanipekun M.K Babasola O Joshua Kayode ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-02-08 2017-02-08 2 1 The use of Indigenous Knowledge in the Conservation of Plants Used in the Management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Akoko Region of Ondo State, Nigeria Abstract<br />Background and Objective: The maintenance of the health of the aboriginals is quite depended on the use of plants that form the major constituent of the vegetation. Recent study asserted that some plant species were widely utilized for the management of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the study area. Some of these species were rare on the abundance scale utilized in the study. Thus the study being reported here considered the use of the indigenous knowledge of the aboriginals on the rare species for their conservation.<br />Methods: Respondents, in the three zones of Akoko region of Ondo State, Nigeria, were made to identify plant species used for the management of STDs in their communities and the frequencies of their identifications were recorded. The data obtained on the species identification in the zones were compared with one another. The abundance of each of the identified plant species in the communities sampled was determined and the rare species defined. The indigenous knowledge (IK) of randomly selected respondents on the identified rare species was determined and used to propose strategies that would conserve these species.<br />Results: The respondents were of diverse socioeconomic background yet they were conscious of the medicinal values of plant species in their environment. They identified a total of 39 plant species that belongs to 25 families as species valued for the management of STDs in the study area. Reasonable similarities abound among the species identified in the different zones. Citrus lanatus, Jathropha curcas and Kigelia africana were the species with higher frequencies of recognition by the respondents. The test conducted on the abundance of the identified species revealed that 21% of the identified species were rare.<br />Conclusion: The respondents’ IK on the rare species’ growth forms, habitats, reproduction and utilization revealed that the rare species, identified in this study, will thrive in the study area and they could be adopted for cultivation and domestication. Joshua Kayode C. Sanni B.O. Ademiluyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-02-08 2017-02-08 2 1