The use of Indigenous Knowledge in the Conservation of Plants Used in the Management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Akoko Region of Ondo State, Nigeria

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Joshua Kayode C. Sanni B.O. Ademiluyi


Background and Objective: The maintenance of the health of the aboriginals is quite depended on the use of plants that form the major constituent of the vegetation. Recent study asserted that some plant species were widely utilized for the management of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the study area. Some of these species were rare on the abundance scale utilized in the study. Thus the study being reported here considered the use of the indigenous knowledge of the aboriginals on the rare species for their conservation.
Methods: Respondents, in the three zones of Akoko region of Ondo State, Nigeria, were made to identify plant species used for the management of STDs in their communities and the frequencies of their identifications were recorded. The data obtained on the species identification in the zones were compared with one another. The abundance of each of the identified plant species in the communities sampled was determined and the rare species defined. The indigenous knowledge (IK) of randomly selected respondents on the identified rare species was determined and used to propose strategies that would conserve these species.
Results: The respondents were of diverse socioeconomic background yet they were conscious of the medicinal values of plant species in their environment. They identified a total of 39 plant species that belongs to 25 families as species valued for the management of STDs in the study area. Reasonable similarities abound among the species identified in the different zones. Citrus lanatus, Jathropha curcas and Kigelia africana were the species with higher frequencies of recognition by the respondents. The test conducted on the abundance of the identified species revealed that 21% of the identified species were rare.
Conclusion: The respondents’ IK on the rare species’ growth forms, habitats, reproduction and utilization revealed that the rare species, identified in this study, will thrive in the study area and they could be adopted for cultivation and domestication.

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