Main Article Content
The mortality patterns among admitted patients in a hospital setting can reflect the overall burden of disease in a particular community although it does not provide an actual reflection of the situation.
To determine the etiology of mortality in admitted patients in a tertiary care hospital.
Material and methods
The study was carried prospectively in admitted patients over a period of 20 months. All patients who were admitted in the hospital during this time period who died due to one or the other cause were included in the study. The information obtained included age, sex, residence , diagnosis, reason for admission, duration of hospital stay and the possible cause of death.
A total of 206 patients died over 20 months study period. Out of these, 112 (54.36% ) were males and 94 (45.63%) were females. Maximum deaths occurred in the age group 40-69 years (45.64%) followed by age group > 70 years (40.77%).91 patients (44.17%) died of infections. Most common infections in the studied patients were pneumonias (48.34%) followed by urinary tract infections (13.18%). Renal failure was seen in 68 (33%) patients. 33 (16.01%) died of myocardial infarction and 25 (12.13%) patients died of strokes. Maximum number of patients who died were in hospital for < 5 days that comprised of 123 (59.70%) patients.
The leading cause of death in this tertiary care hospital is infections followed by renal failure and ischemic heart disease.
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